US composer, pianist Henry Cowell is born in Menlo Park, CA.
Cowell will have an influential role in the evolution of 20th century American composition. In 1925 he founds the New Music Society of California; in 1927 he starts the New Music Quarterly which includes scores, and which circulates the work of contemporary US composers on New Music Quarterly Recordings from 1934-1949.
He’s widely known for his important 1930 book New Musical Resources, and for his 1930 commission of Leon Theremin to build the Rhythmicon, which he introduces at a Jan. 19, 1932 concert in NYC.
He teaches at NYC’s New School for Social Research from 1932-52; his students include Bebe Barron, John Cage, George Gershwin and Lou Harrison. Of over a thousand works including 20 symphonies, his series of Hymns and Fuguing Tunes (1941-1945) are among his best-known works.
2002 saw the first Cowell biography: Michael Hicks’ Henry Cowell, Bohemian. (ISBN 0252027515)
Fabric, 1920 Pulse, 1939 Quartet, 1962
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Musical comedy No, No, Nanette is first produced at London’s Palace Theatre; it runs for 665 shows.
Its best-known songs are Tea for Two — which becomes a jazz standard over the years — and I Want to Be Happy . Film versions are produced in #1930 and #1940. A 1971 revival on Broadway in NYC brings new interest; it moves to London in 1973.
German krautrock, kosmische musik/space rock group Ash Ra Tempel records first album. Amboss
It’s released in June. Members include Hartmut Enke, Manuel Gottsching and Klaus Schulze. Schulze soon leaves. Tempel plays its last concert in 1973 and Enke quits the business. Schizo
In 1976, Gottsching shortens the name to Ashra for his ambient solo effort — first releasing New Age of Earth .
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