August 20 – Chuck Berry’s Maybellene, Tower falls

1955

 Rock & roll guitar 
 starts here 

Chuck Berry‘s first single release becomes his first hit; Maybellene reaches #1 on R&B charts.

Piano player Johnnie Johnson (*) (*) says that he and Berry rewrote the old fiddle tune called ‘Ida Red‘ at the suggestion of Leonard Chess.

Rock & roll guitar starts here. The pileup of hillbilly country, urban blues and hot jazz in Chuck Berry’s electric twang is the primal language of pop- music guitar, and it’s all perfected on his first single. ▷RS:Maybellene▹

In 2004 Rolling Stone ranks Maybellene #18 of its 500 greatest songs.

It’s also one of the songs that got DJ Alan Freed (he got a writing credit) in payola trouble.

▷Lyrics▹ ▷Songfacts▹  ( Website

 ~ The Chess Era 

2006

 Locked up 
 in chains 

Filing for bankruptcy a second time (the first was in 2004) heralds the end for the Tower Records chain.

The business was founded in Sacramento in 1960 by Russ Solomon.

Online music stores are also blamed for the 2006 end of the Media Play chain’s 61 stores, part of the Musicland group (which owned 1300 stores in 2001, including Suncoast and Sam Goody). Musicland is acquired by Trans World, which folds Camelot Music and the remainder of the Sam Goody chain into the f.y.e. chain by 2008. By 2010 TW owns 540 stores.

On Apr. 3, 2008 the 5 year-old iTunes Store surpasses Wal-Mart as the largest US music retailer.

See also: Ritmoteca.com, US music retailers

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