September 15 – Hackers, Tubes, Rios


The RCA 12AX7 vacuum tube is introduced.

Over time the small-signal dual triode (*) expands into a family of similiar tubes, e.g. 12AT7, 12AU7. While hundreds of tubes have long been replaced by transistors, the 12AX7 is one of the few still being made.

It’s still widely used in the preamp section of guitar amplifiers (*) for its robustness and how it ‘colors’ signals.

See also: Valve amplifier


Cyberpunkish film Hackers(*) is released, starring Angelina Jolie, Jonny Lee Miller, and hilarious Matthew Lillard. Trailer 

An ethical group of high-school hackers is implicated in a threat to shipping. Smart, stylish joy-ride never pretends to be anything more than.

A cool soundtrack – with music from artists like The Prodigy (Voodoo People), Carl Cox, Orbital, The Orb, Fluke, Elastica, Massive Attack – inspires 3 CDs.

Mother: Dade?
Dade: Yeah, ma?
Mother: What are you doing?
Dade: I’m taking over a TV network.
Mother: Finish up, honey, and get to sleep. Quotes

Voodoo  One Love  Halcyon  Open Up  Grand Central 
 ~ Cyberpunk Review 


Rio PMP300

Introduction of the second portable consumer MP3 audio file player, the 32MB Rio PMP300 . Produced by Diamond Multimedia it sells for $200.


It sells considerably better than the first portable, the 32MB Eiger Labs MPMan F10. Introduced in May by South Korea‘s Saehan, it sold for $250. (*)

The RIAA asks for a sales ban on the Rio, gets one for 10 days in October before a court withdraws it. Diamond wins because the Rio is only a player.

When Napster‘s file-sharing service comes along in June 1999, the RIAA really has something to worry about.