October 24 – Harlem hits, White Swan, Relax, Movin Out

1942

Billboard starts a race music chart called The Harlem Hit Parade (*)

In Feb. 1945 the chart’s name becomes Juke Box Race Records. In June 1949 the name becomes Rhythm and Blues Records.

Prior to the emergence of rhythm & blues as a musical genre in the 1940s, ‘race music’ and ‘race records’ were terms used to categorize practically all types of African-American music. Race records were the first examples of popular music recorded by and marketed to black Americans…. During the 1920s and 1930s … approximately 10,000 blues, 3,250 jazz, and 1,750 gospel songs were produced…

And now you know the rest of the story.
Extra credit: Compare Ernie Tubb’s 1943 country tune: Mamie Smith, 1920 

▷AllMusic:Early R&B▹ ▷R&B ’42 to ’54▹ ▷Scaruffi:R&B▹ ▷Emusic Dozen:HHP▹

See also: List of number-one rhythm and blues hits(1942-1959), Black Swan Records (founded 1921, Harlem)

1970

English rock band T.Rex releases it’s first hit single Ride a White Swan.

Produced by Tony Visconti, climbing to a UK#2 in January 1971, ‘Swan’ is credited with starting Glam rock.

The band is fronted by guitarist, singer and songwriter Marc Bolan (Mark Feld) who enjoys a brief solo career before a tragic 1977 auto death.  ( Fansite

See also: Alvin Stardust  Gary Glitter  Leningrad Cowboys 

1983
Thanks to being banned by the BBC, Relax by Frankie Goes to Hollywood goes to #1 … and becomes one of the top-ten best-selling UK singles ever! Nice of the Beeb.

2002

Broadway opening of Movin’ Out, a jukebox musical featuring the songs of US musician, composer Billy Joel.

Conceived by Twyla Tharp, the story of kids growing up on Long Island during the 1960s sees 2400 performances in 5 years in the US, winning Tony Awards for choreography and orchestration. A 2006 London run lasts only two months. What the hey?

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