November 8 – Gramophone, Oh Kay!, Stairway, Oddity



German-American inventor Emil Berliner is granted a patent (US#372786) for his gramophone invention.

Early recordings on zinc are pressed on glass, then celluloid.

Original gramophone

He begins marketing 5-inch disk records in Europe in 1889. He incorporates the United States Gramophone Co. in Washington D.C. in 1892; in Nov. 1894 it begins offering 7-inch gramophone records, pressed on hard rubber, on the Berliner Gramophone label.

In 1901 he combines operations with Eldridge R. Johnson to form the Victor Talking Machine Company, which introduces 10-inchers and soon dominates the market.

▷Inventor’s Hall▹  Vintage sound

See also: Phonograph, Gramophone Company (UK), Unusual types of gramophone records

 ~ LOC:Emile Berliner; Birth of Recording 


Debut of Broadway musical Oh, Kay! by George and Ira Gershwin at the Imperial Theatreon Broadway.

Its most famous song, Someone to Watch Over Me (with its amazing progressions) is part of the Great American Songbook. Eleven shows opened that night!

Gershwin playing (1926)  Ella singing 

See also: List of 1920s jazz standards  ~ Jazz 


Brit blues-rockers Led Zeppelin release the promo single (Atlantic PR-175, PR-269) of Stairway to Heaven. ▷Songfacts▹

The single does not chart in the US, but goes on to become one of the most famous rock songs. Also released: the band’s fourth studio album — called ‘Zoso’ or Led Zeppelin IV which reaches US#2, UK#1.  ( Website ▷DDG:Zeppelin links▹


David Bowie (David Bowman) has a UK#1 with a song he recorded in 1969, Space Oddity (Space Odyssey).

It had reached UK#5 in 1969 after the BBC used it during the US Apollo moon landing. It’s from his Nov. 4, 1969 2nd album, re-released in 1972, which made the top-20 in the US & UK.

In 2001, Bowman goes away and returns someone else… so does Davey Jones … as everybody. Phew.  ( Fansite  Bowie Gallery